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The Binomial name of Turmeric is Curcuma longa L – Linnaeus. Turmeric is an ancient spice, a native of South East Asia, used from antiquity as dye and a condiment. Its use, dates back nearly 4000 years, to the Vedic culture in India where it was used as a culinary spice and had religious significance. Turmeric is a preservative. Its active ingredient is Curcumin and it has an earthy, bitter, peppery flavor.

Turmeric is sharp and earthy in flavor, with just a hint of ginger, Turmeric complements any kind of rice, lentil, or vegetable dishes. It should, however, be used sparingly. While Turmeric tastes pleasantly spicy, a little goes a long way and it gets stronger as it cooks.·Turmeric can be cultivated organically as an intercrop along with other crops provided that all the companion crops are also organically grown. In some areas, Turmeric is grown as an intercrop with mango, jackfruit and litchi and on the west coast with coconut and arecanut. Turmeric has been used to treat a variety of ailments.·Taken internally, Turmeric is used to treat headaches, diarrhea, flatulence, colds and fevers, edema, bronchitis, leprosy, 
colic, kidney inflammation and cystitis. Practitioners of Ayurvedic medicine advocate Turmeric as a means of curing or relieving general inflammation, conjunctivitis, itching and skin ulcers, colic, constipation, flatulence, and parasites such as ringworms. Also used to treat Alzheimers , as an Anti-Inflammatory,in ArthritisAtherosclerosis, Cancer ,Cataracts,, Cholesterol, Crohns Disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Liver Disease, etc.

  • History

  • The Golden Spice of India

  • Benefits of Turmeric

turmeric-powder Turmeric is one of the oldest spices and had been used in India since ages. That is why it is said that this spice belongs to India and also called ‘Indian Saffron’. It is used in many Hindu rituals even now and Indians tend to be attached to it emotionally. It is also used as a medicine for stomachaches and other health disorders. This is because of this bonding only that India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of this spice. The world production of turmeric stands at around 800000 tons in which India hold a share of approxim-
ately 75-80%.Also India consumes around 80% of its own production.
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The major Turmeric exporting countries constitutes: -
Other South-east Asian countries,
Central and Latin American countries,
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The major importing countries of Turmeric are:-
Sri Lanka,
United Arab Emirates,
United States,
United Kingdom,
The exact origin of Turmeric is unidentified but it is said that it originated in the parts of western India. It has been used in India for 5000 years now. Initially it was cultivated as a dye as its bright yellow color works as a coloring agent. Then with time people came to know about its developed uses and they started using it for cosmetic purposes and then as a medicine. Turmeric reached China by 700AD, East Africa by 800AD and West Africa by 1200AD and started becoming popular through out the world.The Arab traders took turmeric to Europe in 13th century. Marco Polo was so impressed by turmeric that he mentioned it as a vegetable that has properties of saffron, but it is not really saffron. Ancient Indian medical literature, Ayurveda also mentions about turmeric being an extremely effective herb for stomach disorders and food poisoning.
Turmeric is a 5000 years old herb, that belongs to, Zingiberaceae,the family of Ginger. Its rootstalk, in powdered form, is used as a spice (also a dye) throughout the world. This tropical herb plant is usually 3 to 5 feet in height having flowers of dull yellow color and is largely cultivated in the parts of Southeast Asia. Turmeric as spice is deep yellow in color having a pungent flavor. To convert it into a powdered form, the rootstalk is boiled, dried, cleaned and polished and then powdered.
golden-spice-turmeric Turmeric is one of the most important and ancient spices of India and a traditional crop and having very good commercial value for spice oils and oleoresins.It is used daily extensively by all classes of people in the preparation of tasty curried dishes. Turmeric not only adds its typical flavour but its colour also, thereby helping to bring out the best in curries.It is also used as a dye in cotton textiles, in medicine and in cosmetics. It is regarded sacred by the Hindus, and is used in ceremonial and religious functions.Over 1,50,000 tonnes of cured

turmeric is produced annually, of which 92-95% is consumed within the country and remaining 5-8% is exported yielding foreign exchange ranging from 40 to 110 million rupees annually.

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To prosper, Turmeric needs hot and humid climate and it generally grows on light black or red soils that are clayey in nature which is naturally available in India. The harvesting of this plant is done when the leaves start turning yellowish after 7 to 10 months of plantation. The rough skins of their dried roots are then removed and grounded to make a fine rich yellow turmeric powder. Sangli, a town in the southern part of the Indian state of Maharashtra, is the largest and most important trading centre for Turmeric in Asia.This Golden Spice is utilized all over the world, by varied different people of different cultures for medicinal, culinary, ayurvedic and cosmetic application.


Here are 20 reasons to add turmeric to your diet:

  1. It is a natural antiseptic and antibacterial agent, useful in disinfecting cuts and burns.
  2. When combined with cauliflower, it has shown to prevent prostate cancer and stop the growth of existing prostate cancer.
  3. Prevented breast cancer from spreading to the lungs in mice.
  4. May prevent melanoma and cause existing melanoma cells to commit suicide.
  5. Reduces the risk of childhood leukemia.
  6. May prevent metastases from occurring in many different forms of cancer.
  7. Is a natural liver detoxifier.
  8. May prevent and slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease by removing amyloyd plaque buildup in the brain.
  9. It is a potent natural anti-inflammatory that works as well as many anti-inflammatory drugs but without the side effects.
  10. Has shown promise in slowing the progression of multiple sclerosis in mice.
  11. Is a natural painkiller and cox-2 inhibitor.
  12. May aid in fat metabolism and help in weight management.
  13. Has long been used in Chinese medicine as a treatment for depression.
  14. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, it is a natural treatment for arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
  15. Boosts the effects of chemo drug paclitaxel and reduces its side effects.
  16. Promising studies are underway on the effects of turmeric on pancreatic cancer.
  17. Studies are ongoing in the positive effects of turmeric on multiple myeloma.
  18. Has been shown to stop the growth of new blood vessels in tumors.
  19. Speeds up wound healing and assists in remodeling of damaged skin.
  20. May help in the treatment of psoriasis and other inflammatory skin conditions.

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